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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 1999;23(3):643-649.
Falls in a Rehabilitation Hospital.
Chun, Chang Sik , Choi, Kyoung Hyo , Chun, Min Ho
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine.
재활 병동에서 발생하는 낙상
전창식, 최경효, 전민호
울산대학교 의과대학 서울중앙병원 재활의학과
Abstract

Objective
The present study was prospectively designed to identify the incidence, risk factors and characteristics of falls in a rehabilitation hospital.


Method
Two hundred nine consecutive admissions to the department of rehabilitation medicine between March 1, 1998 and June 30, 1998, were evaluated.


Results
Twenty four (11.5%) experienced at least one fall, and most of the falls occurred in their own room during walking. Risks for falls were associated with the presence of the sensory or cognitive function disturbance, the ability of walking, the use of antihypertensive drug, and presence of caregiver hired by the patient. No injury was observed in 25 (76%) of total 33 incidents, and 8 falls (24%) caused mild injury - pain, and simple contusion. There was no fracture or intracerebral hemorrhage.


Conclusion
These data suggest that high risk groups of patients who are prone to the falls within the rehabilitation setting can be identified for the prevention, and afterward for preventive measures.

Key Words: Rehabilitation, Fall, Epidemiology


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