J Korean Acad Rehabil Med Search


Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 1998;22(1):21-26.
Treatment Effects of Botulinum Toxin A in Cerebral Palsy with Foot Deformities.
Park, Gi Young , Jang, Sung Koo
1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine.
2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Samyook Rehabilitation Hospital.
뇌성마비 환아에서 족부변형에 대한 Botulinum Toxin A의 치료효과
박기영, 장성구*
연세대학교 의과대학 재활의학과교실 및 삼육재활병원*

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of intramuscular botulinum toxin A injection in cerebral palsy with foot deformities using roentgenogram. We have studied 26 children with cerebral palsy(age 3 to 13 years old). They were twenty spastic diplegias, three hemiplegias and three mixed types(spasticity and athetosis). The botulinum toxin A was injected into gastrocnemius or peroneous muscles with an electromyographic guidance. Before injections, passive joint angles of the ankle were assessed by the goniometric measurements. A plantar-flexion angle of talus, dorsiflexion angle of calcaneous, and talar-calcaneal divergence angle were measured using the lateral and anterior-posterior roentgenograms of the foot with weight- bearing for the assessment of equinovalgus of ankle. Follow-up assessments were performed at 1 and 3 months after the injection. At 1 month after the injection into gastrocnemius muscle, there was an increased range of passive ankle joint motion, decreased plantar-flexion angle of talus, and increased dorsiflexion angle of calcaneous. These changes were still significant at 3 months after the injection. After the injection into peroneous muscle, the talar-calcaneal divergence angle was significantly decreased. This study provides the evidence that the treatment with botulinum toxin A improves the ankle joint motion in cerebral palsy with feet deformities by reducing hypertonicity, spasticity and dynamic contracture. In addition, the lateral and anterior- posterior roentgenograms of the foot with weight bearing seems to be the simple and objective methods to evaluate the effectiveness of intramuscular botulinum toxin A injection in cerebral palsy with foot deformities.

Key Words: Botulinum toxin A, Cerebral palsy, Foot deformities, Roentgenograms


Browse all articles >

Terms of Use   |   Privacy Polity
Editorial Office
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital
101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, Korea
Tel: +82-10-8678-2671    Fax: +82-2-6072-5244    E-mail: edit@e-arm.org; edit.karm@gmail.com
Business Registration: 110-82-07460                

Copyright © 2024 by Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer