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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 1998;22(3):475-482.
Comparison of MBI, FIM, and ESCROW in the Evaluation of Rehabilitation Status.
Yang, Chung Yong , Cho, Eun Soo , So, Eun Ha
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Presbyterian Medical Center, Chonju, Korea.
재활 실태 평가에 있어 MBI, FIM, ESCROW의 비교
양충용, 조은수, 소은하
예수병원 재활의학과

The main purposes of this study were to understand the correlations among Modified Barthel Index (MBI), Functional Independence Measure (FIM), and ESCROW (Environment, Social support, Cluster of family members, Resources, Outlook, Work or School status) Profile, and to establish the more appropriate assessment standards to check patient's conditions in the hospital and in their homes and society.

Thirty-four patients, who received the rehabilitation treatment and home visiting at the Presbyterian Medical Center, were evaluated for their functions by MBI, FIM, and ESCROW Profile.

The mean scores of assessment measures by home visiting were all higher than in the hospital showing an improvement of the patients' functions after discharge from the hospital. The results of MBI and FIM in the hospital and home visiting showed a significant correlation, while the results of MBI and Cognitive FIM measure indicated a relatively low correlation coefficient. Although each result of MBI, FIM, and ESCROW provided a low correlation when the patients were in the hospital, the result for home visiting revealed very significant correlations. Especially, the items of environment, social support, outlook, and work status of ESCROW showed very significant correlations with MBI and FIM.

The results showed that MBI and FIM measurements were very useful in observing and following up the functional conditions of the patients, while ESCROW profile was more appropriate to evaluate the familial and social rehabilitation status.

Key Words: ESCROW, Modified Barthel Index, Functional Independence Measure, ESCROW (Environment, Social support, Cluster of family members, Resources, Outlook, Work or School status profile)


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