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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 1998;22(6):1206-1218.
Characteristics of the 3D Gait Analysis in Gait Maturation Process in Korean Children.
Cho, Sang Hyun , Park, Chang Il , Park, Eun Sook , Kim, Yu Chul , Shin, Ji Cheol , Park, Jin Seok
1Department of Rehabilitation Therapy, Yonsei University College of Health Science.
2Yonsei Univesity Institute of Health Science.
3Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine.
4Yonsei Univesity Research Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine.
5Waryong-myon Health Center, Andong-si, Kyongsangbuk-do.
한국 소아에서 보행발달 과정의 삼차원 동작분석 특성
조상현1, 박창일, 박은숙, 김유철, 신지철, 박진석2
연세대학교 보건과학대학 재활학과 및 1보건과학연구소, 의과대학 재활의학과 및 재활의학연구소, 2경북 안동시 와룡면 보건지소

To find out the characteristics of gait maturation process in Korean normal children.

Three dimensional kinematic gait analysis using Vicon 370 system from Oxford Metrics Company was performed for 72 children (33 females) without known gait anomalies aging between one and six years old. The data were compared with those from 41 normal adults which were collected previously using the same method, and with those from study by Sutherland et. al.


1. The initial heel contact, initial flexion wave of the knee joint during the early stance phase and reciprocal arm swing were found before the age of 3.5.

2. Pelvic motion in transverse plane, hip joint motion in all the three planes, knee joint motion in coronal plane, and ankle joint motion in transverse plane remained greater than those of Caucasian children of Sutherland et. al.

3. Single stance period remained shorter than that of Caucasian children.

4. Internal rotation of hip joint and varus motion of the knee joint remained greater than those of Caucasian children.

The difference between Korean and Caucasian children were

1. Development of muscles' ability which stabilize the large leg joints during gait seems slower among Korean children than Caucasian children.

2. These differences are probably from the anthropometrical characteristics of Korean and Caucasian growing children. Also, the different definition of angle systems between the Korean and Caucasian data might case some erroneous effect on the interpretation of result.

Key Words: Gait maturation, Korean children, Kinematics, Gait analysis


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