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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 2004;28(5):458-461.
Limb Length Estimation Based on Height in Normal People in Busan and Kyungnam Area.
Han, Nami , Kim, Hyundong , Jung, Gyuyoung , Park, Sangok
1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Busan Paik Hospital, College of Medicine Inje University, Korea. namih@unitel.co.kr
2Good Samaritane's Rehabilitation Hospital, Korea.
부산경남에 거주하는 정상인에서 신장과 사지 길이의 관계
한나미, 김현동, 정규영, 박상옥1
인제대학교 의과대학 부산백병원 재활의학과, 1홍익재활병원
Abstract
Objective
To identify the relation between height and limb length using anthropometric data in healthy people.
Method
One hundred and fifty healthy subjects between the age of 7 months and 67 years were subdivided into five groups: group I (age under 5), group II (5∼10), group III (11∼20), group IV (21∼60), and group V (61 or more). Each group included 15 males and 15 females. Upper arm was measured between acromion and olecranon, and forearm was measured between olecranon and thumb tip. Thigh was measured between ASIS and medial plateau of tibia, and lower leg was measured between medial plateau of tibia and the floor vertically.
Results
Ratios of upper arm to height were 0.18⁑0.01 in group I, 0.19⁑0.02 in group II, 0.19⁑0.01 in group III, 0.19⁑0.01 in group IV, and 0.18⁑0.01 in group V. Ratios of forearm to height were 0.23⁑0.03, 0.23⁑0.03, 0.23⁑0.02, 0.22⁑0.01, and 0.22⁑0.01, respectively. Ratios of thigh to height were 0.27⁑0.03, 0.29⁑0.02, 0.31⁑0.02, 0.31⁑0.01, and 0.31⁑0.01 in each age group. Ratios of lower leg to height were 0.22⁑0.02, 0.25⁑0.02, 0.25⁑0.01, 0.26⁑0.01, and 0.25⁑0.01, respectively.
Conclusion
Ratio of each body segment to height was useful in producing prosthesis for the people lost their both upper or lower extremities calculating the ultimate length of extremities through it. (J Korean Acad Rehab Med 2004; 28: 458-461)
Key Words: Anthropometry, Limb length, Height, Prosthesis
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