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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 2005;29(4):359-364.
Incidence of Deep Vein Thrombosis in Spinal Cord Injury.
Ko, Hyun Yoon , Shin, Yong Beom , Jho, Sun Kug
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Pusan National University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea. yi0314@medimail.co.kr
척수손상 환자의 심부정맥 혈전증의 발생률
고현윤, 신용범, 조선국
부산대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실
The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in spinal cord injury (SCI).
We analyzed the incidence of DVT and factors that alter its risk in 263 SCI patients. The injury status of each SCI subject was categorized as either motor complete or motor incomplete and either quadriplegic or paraplegic. The cause of injury was categorized as either traumatic or nontraumatic. Duplex ultrasound was performed in the clinically DVT suspected patients. No patient had been started on anticoagulant prophylaxis prior to diagnosis of DVT.
Fifteen patients (5.7%) had a diagnosed DVT and one patient (0.4%) had a diagnosed pulmonary embolism. Motor complete lesion and quadriplegic status were better predictors of DVT than motor incomplete lesion and paraplegic status. Cause of injury and existence of spasticity were not statistically correlated with the incidence of DVT. Accuracy of clinical diagnosis was 45.4%. All cases of the diagnosed DVT was located proximal veins (iliac and femoral veins). Ten of 15 DVTs (66.6%) were detected earlier than 2 months after SCI.
Incidence of DVT in SCI patients were 5.7%. Motor complete lesion and quadriplegic status were suggested as significant predictors of DVT in SCI patients. (J Korean Acad Rehab Med 2005; 29: 359-364)
Key Words: Deep vein thrombosis, Incidence, Spinal cord injury, Duplex ultrasound


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