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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 2009;33(5):564-571.
The Prevalence and Clinical Features of Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis in the Patients with Dorsal Back Pain.
Park, Yun Hee , Sung, Duk Hyun , Huh, Jung Phil , Kwon, Jong Won
1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea. yays.sung@samsaung.com
2Department of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea.
배부통 환자에서 범발성 특발성 골격 과골증의 유병률 및 임상 양상
박윤희, 성덕현, 허정필, 권종원1
성균관대학교 의과대학 삼성서울병원 재활의학교실, 1영상의학교실
Abstract
Objective
To investigate the prevalence and clinical features of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) in patients with dorsal back pain.
Method
A total of 229 patients (119 men and 110 women) with dorsal back pain were included. Medical records including age, sex, chief complaints, medical history, physical findings, laboratory data, and musculoskeletal radiographs were reviewed retrospectively.
Results
Twenty-seven (11.8%, by Resnick's criteria) and thirty-eight (16.6%, by Julkunen's criteria) of the 229 patients were diagnosed with DISH by thoracic spine radiographs. A significant increase of risk with age was observed (Resnick's criteria: odds ratio 1.10, 95% CI 1.05∼1.16, p< 0.001, Julkunen's criteria: odds ratio 1.08, 95% CI 1.04∼1.12, p<0.001). Male sex (Resnick's criteria: odds ratio 2.65, 95% CI 1.01∼6.95, p=0.048, Julkunen's criteria: odds ratio 2.87, 95% CI 1.27∼6.59, p=0.011) and inflammatory pain (Resnick's criteria: odds ratio 7.76, 95% CI 2.69∼22.33, p<0.001, Julkunen's criteria: odds ratio 3.84, 95% CI 1.55∼9.47, p=0.004) showed higher risk for development of DISH. Mean body mass index of patients with DISH were higher in all age groups, and they showed higher prevalence of DM and hyperlipidemia than general population.
Conclusion
Patients with dorsal back pain showed higher prevalence of DISH than previous results with random samples. Aging, male sex and inflammatory pain might be a risk factor for development of DISH. Also, obesity, DM and hyperlipidemia might be strongly related with DISH. (J Korean Acad Rehab Med 2009; 33: 564-571)
Key Words: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, Dorsal back pain, Prevalence, Clinical features


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