J Korean Acad Rehabil Med Search


Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 1994;18(4):5.
Risk Factors of Low Back Pain Among the Hospital Nursing Personnel
Joon Sung Kim, M.D., , Won Chul Lee, M.D.
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, and Department of Pereventive Medicine catholic University Medical College
병원 간호사의 요통 관련요인(-환자운반을 중심으로-)
김준성, 이원철
가톨릭대학교 의학대학 재활의학교실 및 예방의학교실

Low back pain is major cause of industrial disability and has a significant socioeconomic impact. Risk factors for low back pain are discribed a being either industrial or occupational risk factors. Individual risk factor includes: age, sex, anthropometry, muscle strength, psychosocial factor and previous attack of low back pain. Occupational risk factor includes: lifting, bending, twisting, heavy work and vibration.

Many hospital employees are at risk for work-related low back pain and nursing personnel, when compairing to other occupational groups, have relatively high prevalence rate of back pain.

A cross-sectional questionnaire study was carried out aiming at determining prevalence rates and identifying factors associated with low back pain. The quesionnaire included 37 question items concerning age, height, body weight, job position, physical fittness, job satisfaction and transfer loading score. Transfer loading score was defined as the sum of numbers of lifting weighted by the method of patient handling and by the numbers of participating person.

The results were as follows:

1) Low back pain prevalence rate of the study subjects was 54.6%.

2) In the nurses of intensive care unit and operating room, the prevalence rate of low back pain was significantly higher than in that of general ward nurses.

3) The relationship between the history of previous back pain and present low back pain was found to be significant, with odds ratios of 3.25 The relationship between the transfer loading score of 6 to 10 or 11 to 20 or above 20 and present low back pain was found to be significant, with odds ratios of 2.23, 2.27 and 1.27, respectively.

4)The transfer loading score tended to be lower with increasing age and career of nurses. And it was significantly higher in staff nurses than in head and charge nurses, and in nurses of intensive care unit and operating room than in nurses of general ward.

According to the above results, the transfer loading score is correlated with low back pain. For prevention of low back pain in hospital nursing personnel, the use of portable patient hoist and regular education programe are needed.

Key Words: Transfer loading score, Low back pain, Nurse, Transfer loading score


Browse all articles >

Terms of Use   |   Privacy Polity
Editorial Office
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital
101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, Korea
Tel: +82-10-8678-2671    Fax: +82-2-6072-5244    E-mail: edit@e-arm.org; edit.karm@gmail.com
Business Registration: 110-82-07460                

Copyright © 2024 by Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer