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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 1997;21(1):121-127.
Retrograde Changes of Median-Nerve Fibers in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
Pyun, Seong Bom , Kwon, Hee Kyu
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Korea.
수근관 증후군에서 정중신경의 역행성 변화
편성범, 권희규
고려대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실
Abstract

Slowing in forearm median nerve conduction in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome(CTS) has been described. But the cause of slowing is still unclear whether it is related to a technical artifact on electrodiagnostic approach or pathophysiologic changes in the proximal segment of median nerve. To investigate the possible retrograde degeneration of median nerve in the forearm segment(wrist to elbow) in patients with known carpal tunnel syndrome, the median nerve conduction studies were performed in 23 normal persons as control and 25 patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. To evaluate the median nerve conductions in the forearm, the recording bar-electrode were placed at the volar aspect of the wrist and stimulating electrodes were applied at the elbow area. The mixed nerve action potentials and conduction velocities were measured.

The median mixed nerve action potential(FNAP) amplitudes recorded at the wrist and motor nerve conduction velocity(MMCV) in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome patients were significantly reduced compared to those of control group(p<0.05). However, the median mixed nerve conduction velocity(FNCV) was not reduced significantly. The median mixed nerve action potential amplitudes demonstrated positive correlation with the decrease of motor and sensory action potential amplitudes and velocities.

This result suggests that the retrograde degeneration progresses as the carpal tunnel syndrome progresses and the retrograde degeneration may play a major role in reduced motor nerve conduction velocity of the median nerve in the forearm. We propose that FNAP amplitude and MMCV might be used to evaluate the severity of retrograde degeneration in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome.

Key Words: Carpal tunnel syndrome, Retrograde degeneration, Electromyography, Nerve conduction


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