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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 1999;23(3):609-614.
The Effects of Ankle Plantar Flexors Stretching Exercise on Functional Reach in Elderly Men.
Kwon, Oh Yun , Han, Myeong Seok , Park, Dong Sik
1Department of Rehabilitation Therapy, Hanseo University.
2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine.
남자 노인에서 족관절 족저 굴곡근 신장운동이 Functional Reach에 미치는 효과
권오윤, 한명석1, 박동식1
한서대학교 재활치료학과 및 1한림대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실
Abstract

Objective
To determine whether ankle plantar flexors stretching exercise affects functional reach in elderly men.


Method
Twenty elderly men with an average age of 78.2 years were selected for this study. A active range of motion of ankle dorsiflexion and a functional reach (FR) distance were measured before and after ankle stretching exercise. The ankle dorsiflexion was measured by goniometer in knee extended position. The FR distance was measured in standing position. Ankle plantar flexors stretching exercises were carried out by physical therapist 4 times per week for 4 weeks. At 4 weeks after the stretching exercise, we retested the active range of motion of ankle dorsiflexion and the FR distance using the same method.


Results
At 4 weeks after the stretching exercise, the active range of motion of right ankle dorsiflexion was increased from 2.81⁑3.26o to 5.98⁑4.34o, and the left ankle dorsiflexion was increased from 3.15⁑3.77o to 6.35⁑2.45o. The FR distance was increased form 12.22⁑7.54 cm to 19.69⁑8.59 cm after the stretching exercise.


Conclusion
The FR distance was significantly increased after the ankle plantar flexors stretching exercise (p<0.01). This results suggest that the ankle plantar flexors stretching excercise may be capable of increasing the FR distance in elderly.

Key Words: Functional reach, Stretching exercise, Elderly, Ankle joint


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