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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 2001;25(2):268-272.
Anatomical Evaluation of Ulnar Nerve according to the Elbow Position.
Kwon, Hee Kyu , Lee, Hang Jae , Yim, Kyun , Hahn, Myung Su , Cho, Bum Jun , Lee, Sang Ryong
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Korea University Hospital, Korea.
주관절 굴곡 변화에 따른 척골신경의 해부학적 관찰
권희규, 이항재, 임석균, 한명수, 조범준, 이상룡
고려대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실
Abstract

Objective
To investigate the anatomy of the ulnar nerve according to the degree of elbow flexion and to obtain optimal elbow position for ulnar nerve conduction study.


Methods
Eleven elbows in nine cadavers were dissected. We estimated the 10 cm elbow segment to be the distance between 2 points, 4 cm distal and 6 cm proximal to the center of the cubital tunnel, which was determined to be the halfway point between the medial epicondyle and olecranon with elbow position in extension and 45o, 90o, 135o flexion. Anatomical measurements of the actual length of ulnar nerve, distance between medial epicondyle and ulnar nerve, and distance between medial epicondyle and olecranon were obtained in each position. The actual length of the ulnar nerve was measured between two points of the ulnar nerve closest to the landmarks of the estimated 10 cm with flexible ligature.


Results
The actual lengths of ulnar nerve were 10.23 cm, 10.00 cm, 9.44 cm, and 9.08 cm in elbow extension, and 45o, 90o, 135o flexion, respectively. The difference between actual length and estimated lengths were least in 45o elbow flexion (p=0.0001). The distance between medial epicondyle and olecranon increased with increasing elbow flexion (p=0.0001). However, there was no difference in the distance between medial epicondyle and ulnar regardless of the elbow position. As a result, the ulnar nerve seemed to have migrated anteriorly in the cubital tunnel with increasing elbow flexion.


Conclusion
This study suggest that the optimal angle in ulnar nerve conduction study would be 45o flexion, under the condition that the distance measurement is through the halfway point between the medial epicondyle and olecranon.

Key Words: Ulnar nerve segmental motor conduction study, Degree of elbow flexion, Anatomical measurement


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