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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 2001;25(3):426-430.
Information Processing Characteristics of the Patients with Specific Language Impairment Using Kaufman-Assessment Battery for Children.
Park, Se Hoon , Yu, Hee , Kim, Hyun Gi , Kim, Yun Hee
1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Chonbuk National University of Medicine.
2Department of Research Institute for Speech Science, Chonbuk National University.
카우프만 소아 인지검사를 이용한 언어발달장애 환아의 인지처리 특성
박세훈, 유희, 김현기1, 김연희
전북대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실, 뇌 인지재활 연구소, 1전북대학교 음성과학연구소
Abstract

Objective
To determine the characteristic pattern of information processing in the children with specific language impairment (SLI) using the Kaufman-Assessment Battery (K-ABC) for children.


Method
Thirty patients were responded to K-ABC. Twenty-three of them were diagnosed as SLI without any abnormalities in other developmental areas, visual or auditory system. Seven patients showed language delay with other developmental abnormalities. Mean chronological age of SLI patients was 61.0 months. Patterns of information processing was measured using K-ABC. Sequential processing, simultaneous processing, mental processing, and achievement scales were obtained and compared between two groups.


Results
In SLI patients, sequential processing, simultaneous processing, mental processing, and achievement scales were 32.9⁑34.2, 54.3⁑26.9, 42.5⁑31.1, and 33.8⁑28.7, respectively. The SLI patients showed significantly poor scales in sequential than in simultaneous processing (p<0.01).


Conclusion
The patients with SLI exhibited significant deficits in sequential processing, whereas simultaneous processing was better than that of the other group in this study. This characteristics of SLI patients will be useful for understanding and establishing proper therapeutic strategies for these patients.

Key Words: Language impairment, Kaufman-Assessment Battery for children, Simultaneous processing, Sequential processing


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