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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 2004;28(3):214-219.
Characteristics of Bone Mineral Density in Hemiplegic Upper Extremity.
Ko, Myoung Hwan , Lee, Roo Ji , Lim, Seok Tae , Park, Sung Hee , Seo, Jeong Hwan
1Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Medicine and Research Institute of Clinical Medicine, Korea. rooji@freechal.com
2Department of Nuclear Medicine, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Korea.
편마비 환자에서 마비측 상지의 골밀도 감소 양상
고명환, 이루지, 임석태1, 박성희, 서정환
전북대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실 및 임상의학연구소, 1핵의학교실
Bone mineral loss in the upper extremity of hemiplegic patients can increase the prevalence of fractures that interrupt the rehabilitation program and lower the level of activity. The aim of this study was to investigate any difference between the affected and unaffected forearm's bone mineral density (BMD) and evaluate the relationship between several clinical variables and osteoporosis of hemiplegic forearm.
Sixty-seven hemiplegic patients (42 males, 25 females, mean age 55.2 years) were enrolled. The BMD of radius was measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry in 67 hemiplegic subjects.
The BMD of affected forearm was significantly lower than unaffected side (p<0.05). The reduction of BMD in the hemiplegic forearm well correlated with duration of hemiplegia, self care of functional independence measure score, complex regional pain syndrome-type 1 (CRPS-1) (p<0.05). But, there was no correlation between BMD and modified Ashworth scale, muscle power of wrist extension.
Hemiplegic forearm had high prevalence of osteoporosis like lower extremity. Therefore, increasing level of ADL and early detection of CRPS-1 was necessary for prevention of osteoporosis of forearm. (J Korean Acad Rehab Med 2004; 28: 214-219)
Key Words: Hemiplegia, Osteoporosis, Bone mineral density


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