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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 2006;30(3):213-218.
Comparison of Ultrasonographic Findings with Clinical Findings in Hemiplegic Shoulder.
Ko, Myoung Hwan , Kim, Ji Yeon , Park, Sung Hee , Kim, Nam Gyun , Seo, Jeong Hwan
1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Research Institute of Clinical Medicine, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Korea. happijy@freechal.com
2Division of Bionics and Bioinformetics, Chonbuk National University College of Engineering, Korea.
편마비 환자의 견관절 초음파 소견과 임상 양상과의 비교
고명환, 김지연, 박성희, 김남균1, 서정환
전북대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실 및 임상의학연구소, 1전북대학교 공과대학 생태정보공학부
To identify the etiology of hemiplegic shoulder pain by ultrasonographic and clinical examinations and to determine the correlation between ultrasonographic findings and clinical factors in patients with hemiplegic shoulder.
Seventy hemiplegic patients with shoulder pain or without shoulder pain were enrolled. All of patients were evaluated by ultrasonography. We analyzed clinical factors including visual analogue scale (VAS) of hemiplegic shoulder pain, shoulder subluxation measured by plain X-ray, shoulder manual muscle test (MMT), passive range of motion (PROM) of the shoulder joint and complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS).
51.0% of patients with shoulder pain showed ab-normal ultrasonographic findings, while 9.5% of patients without shoulder pain. Those with abnormal ultrasonographic findings had significantly decreased shoulder PROM in flexion, abduction, external rotation and internal rotation and more severe subluxation of hemiplegic shoulder (p<0.05).
After investigating the hemiplegic shoulder through ultrasonography, painful hemiplegic shouder had high incidence of abnormal ultrasonographic characteristics. Ultrasonography is more worthwhile and useful as an primary diagnostic method, especially when there is severe shoulder subluxation and the limitation of PROM of shoulder in hemiplegic patients. (J Korean Acad Rehab Med 2006; 30: 213-218)
Key Words: Hemiplegia, Shoulder pain, Ultrasonography, Shoulder subluxation, Passive range of motion


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