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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 2006;30(4):309-314.
Diagnosis of Speech Disorder and Language Developmental Delay in Korean Preschoolers.
Kwon, Jeong Yi , Kim, Joon Sung , Woo, Ah Mi , Kim, Hyun Jin , Chung, Myung Eun , Kim, Hyeon Sook , Ko, Young Jin
1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Korea. jeong_yi@hotmail.com
2St. Vincent Rehabilitation Clinic, Korea.
3Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea.
말 장애 및 언어 발달 지연을 주소로 내원한 아동들의 진단
권정이, 김준성, 우아미1, 김현진, 정명은, 김현숙2, 고영진
가톨릭대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실, 1성빈센트병원 재활의학과, 2성균관대학교 의과대학 삼성서울병원 재활의학과
Abstract
Objective
This study was designed for evaluating the clinical usefulness of the Korean Denver Developmental Screening Test II (KDDST II) for screening of speech-language delays, for evaluating the co-morbidity of psychiatric disorders and examining the prevalence of hearing impairment in speech-language delays.
Method
Fifty eight preschoolers whose chief complaints fell into 'late talker', 'dysarticulation' or 'stuttering' performed KDDST II, speech-language evaluation and hearing screening. Psychiatric consultation was performed if the child had any behavioral or emotional red flags.
Results
More than 50% were classified as 'language delay only', 25.9% as 'language delay with speech disorder', 22.4%as 'phonological disorder only'. Eleven children (34.4%) with language delay were classified as 'global developmental delay'. Sensitivity of KDDST II as a screening tool of language delay was only 84.4%. Two cases of hearing impairment and 3 cases of complicated otitis media were detected by hearing screening. Seventeen children (29.3%) also had psychiatric disorders such as attention deficit hyperactive disorder, anxiety disorder, and autism spectrum disorder.
Conclusion
Evaluation of whole spectrums of development and hearing screening were recommended in the children with speech-language delays. Psychiatric consultation should be also considered in a case of any behavioral or emotional concerns. (J Korean Acad Rehab Med 2006; 30: 309-314)
Key Words: Language developmental delay, Phonological disorder, Denver Developmental Screening Test, Hearing impairment, Psychiatric disorder
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