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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 2008;32(6):664-667.
The Utility of Non-invasive Positive Pressure Ventilation Support during the Procedure of Percutaneous Gastrostomyin Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.
Choi, Won Ah , Kim, Wan , Kang, Seong Woong , Kim, Han Seung , Park, Jung Hyun , Ryu, Ho Hyun
1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Rehabilitation Institute of Muscular Disease, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Korea. kswoong@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr
2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Nonsan Mucipical Geriatric Hospital, Korea.
근위축성 측삭경화증에서 경피위조루술 중 비침습적 호흡 보조의 유용성
최원아, 김완, 강성웅, 김한승1, 박중현, 류호현
연세대학교 의과대학 재활의학교실 및 근육병 재활연구소, 1논산 시립 노인병원 재활의학과
Abstract
Objective
To consider the utility of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) support during percutaneous gastrostomy procedure in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients with severe respiratory insufficiency and weight loss.
Method
Percutaneous gastrostomy was performed in 25 ALS patients with forced vital capacity (FVC) below 50% of predicted normal value. NIPPV was applied to all these patients during the procedure. To estimate the utility of NIPPV application during gasrtostomy tube placement, safety and procedure related complications were investigated.
Results
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) was performed successfully in 21/25 patients (84%). Percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy (PRG) was performed to the rest. FVCP (predicted value of FVC) in seated position were 1,239.1 ml (32.1%) in PEG-successful group and 1,065.0 ml (26.8%) in PEG-failed group, respectively. All the patients tolerated the use of NIPPV successfully and there were no respiratory complications with the procedure. There were no major complications and procedure-related mortality in all the patients.
Conclusion
NIPPV support during percutaneous gastrostomy tube placement could make the procedure possible in ALS patients with very low vital capacities. (J Korean Acad Rehab Med 2008; 32: 664-667)
Key Words: Intermittent positive-pressure ventilation, Gastrostomy, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Respiratory insufficiency, Deglutition disorders
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