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Journal of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine 2010;34(1):59-65.
Seated Postural Control in Elderly on Unstable Plate.
Park, Dae Sung , Hwang, Ji Hye , Chang, Hyun Jung , Kwon, Tae Kyu
1National Rehabilitation Center Research Institute, Korea.
2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea. hwanglee@skku.edu
3Division of Biomedical Engineering, Chonbuk National University, Korea.
불안정판에서 노인의 앉은 자세 균형조절능력
박대성, 황지혜1, 장현정1, 권대규2
국립재활원 재활연구소, 1성균관대학교 의과대학 삼성서울병원 재활의학교실, 2전북대학교 바이오메디컬공학부
Abstract
Objective
To investigate differences of the postural control in unstable sitting position between elderly and young adults.
Method
Twenty five healthy elderly and twenty five healthy young adults were included. The evaluation system for postural control consisted of unstable plate, frame, safety harness, monitor and computer. Subjects sat on an unstable plate with arms crossed. Using two tilt sensor and postural control software in unstable platform measured the center of pressure (COP) of subject. COP sway (COP was maintained on the center circle and the distance from the central location for 30 sec) time and mean absolute deviation (MAD), COP maintaining (COP was maintained on the desired target in anterior, posterior, left or right directions during 30 sec) time and MAD, COP moving time (the time required to move the COP to desired target location away from center), COP sine curve maintaining (COP was maintained on the circle on moving sine curve during 30 sec) time and MAD were recorded in both groups. Each subject performed three trials and the mean value of the trials was used for analysis.
Results
In static evaluation, there was no significant difference in COP sway between two groups. In dynamic evaluations, elderly showed significantly decreased maintaining time in all four directions, decreased sine curve trace and increased moving time in all eight directions (p< 0.001).
Conclusion
Elderly revealed significantly impaired dynamic sitting postural control, regardless of directions. It might be related to decreased movement and proprioception of trunk. (J Korean Acad Rehab Med 2010; 34: 59-65)
Key Words: Elderly, Postural control, Unstable sitting


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